Abbey Road album artworkRecorded: 22, 24, 25 February 1969
16, 18, 20, 26, 29 April 1969
2, 5, 6 May 1969
1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31 July 1969
1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 15, 18, 19, 25 August 1969
Producers: George Martin, Chris Thomas, Glyn Johns
Engineers: Geoff Emerick, Phil McDonald, Jeff Jarratt, Glyn Johns, Barry Sheffield, Tony Clark

Released: 26 September 1969 (UK), 1 October 1969 (US)


John Lennon: vocals, guitar, piano, electric piano, Hammond organ, Moog, white noise generator, tambourine, maracas, handclaps
Paul McCartney: vocals, guitar, bass, piano, electric piano, harmonium, Hammond organ, Moog, wind chimes, tape loops, handclaps
George Harrison: vocals, guitar, bass, harmonium, Moog, handclaps
Ringo Starr: vocals, drums, bongos, congas, maracas, cowbell, timpani, tambourine, anvil, handclaps, effects
George Martin: Lowrey organ, Hammond organ, electric harpsichord
Billy Preston: Hammond organ


‘Come Together’
‘Maxwell’s Silver Hammer’
‘Oh! Darling’
‘Octopus’s Garden’
‘I Want You (She’s So Heavy)’
‘Here Comes The Sun’
‘You Never Give Me Your Money’
‘Sun King’
‘Mean Mr Mustard’
‘Polythene Pam’
‘She Came In Through The Bathroom Window’
‘Golden Slumbers’
‘Carry That Weight’
‘The End’
‘Her Majesty’

The Beatles’ last-recorded album was a triumph. Coming after the difficult Let It Be sessions, the group pulled together for Abbey Road, a final collection of songs that rank among their best.

It is commonly thought that The Beatles knew that Abbey Road would be their final album, and wanted to present a fitting farewell to the world. However, the group members denied that they intended to split after its completion, despite a realisation that their time together was drawing to a close.

Nobody knew for sure that it was going to be the last album – but everybody felt it was. The Beatles had gone through so much and for such a long time. They’d been incarcerated with each other for nearly a decade, and I was surprised that they had lasted as long as they did. I wasn’t at all surprised that they’d split up because they all wanted to lead their own lives – and I did, too. It was a release for me as well.
George Martin

Abbey Road was completed on 25 August 1969, almost a month before John Lennon told the other Beatles that he wished to leave the group. His decision was made on 12 September, just before the Plastic Ono Band performed at the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival festival, and he told the rest of the group at a meeting a week later.

The album was recorded at a time when The Beatles’ Apple empire was fast unravelling, with vast quantities of money being haemorrhaged by bad business decisions and a lack of direction. The controversial business manager Allen Klein was moving in to gain control of The Beatles’ affairs, despite Paul McCartney’s best efforts of resistance.

’Funny paper’ – that’s what we get. We get bits of paper saying how much is earned and what this and that is, but we never actually get it in pounds, shillings and pence. We’ve all got a big house and a car and an office, but to actually get the money we’ve earned seems impossible.
George Harrison, 1969

The problems of Apple found their way into three songs in particular: ‘You Never Give Me Your Money’, ‘Here Comes The Sun’, and ‘Carry That Weight’.

‘Here Comes The Sun’ was written at the time when Apple was getting like school, where we had to go and be businessmen: ‘sign this’ and ‘sign that’. Anyway, it seems as if winter in England goes on forever; by the time spring comes you really deserve it. So one day I decided I was going to sag off Apple and I went over to Eric Clapton’s house. The relief of not having to go and see all those dopey accountants was wonderful, and I walked around the garden with one of Eric’s acoustic guitars and wrote ‘Here Comes The Sun’.
George Harrison

Although it was later interpreted as a self-referential comment on The Beatles’ legacy, Paul McCartney wrote ‘Carry That Weight’ about the soured atmosphere at Apple after Klein’s arrival.

It was ‘heavy’. ‘Heavy’ was a very operative word at that time – ‘Heavy, man’ – but now it actually felt heavy. That’s what ‘Carry That Weight’ was about: not the light, rather easy-going heaviness, albeit witty and sometimes cruel, but with an edge you could exist within and which always had a place for you to be. In this heaviness there was no place to be. It was serious, paranoid heaviness and it was just very uncomfortable.
Paul McCartney
Many Years From Now, Barry Miles