Anthology 1 album artworkWritten by: Harrison
Recorded: 3 June 1964
Producer: George Martin
Engineer: Norman Smith

Released: 21 November 1995

Available on:
Anthology 1

Personnel

George Harrison: vocals, rhythm guitar
John Lennon: tambourine
Paul McCartney: bass

George Harrison’s second solo composition, ‘You Know What To Do’ was recorded as a demo in 1964, but was never properly attempted by The Beatles as a group.

‘You Know What To Do’ was Harrison’s second songwriting effort, after ‘Don’t Bother Me’ on With The Beatles. The precise line-up on the recording is uncertain; there has been speculation that Harrison recorded it alone, although it is more likely that John Lennon and Paul McCartney were also involved.

A somewhat slight composition, its reception by the others in the group, and George Martin, may have discouraged Harrison from offering further songs until Help! in 1965.

In the studio

The Beatles had planned to record a 14th and final song for A Hard Day’s Night on the afternoon of at Abbey Road on 3 June 1964 – the song’s identity is unknown – but their plans were changed after Ringo Starr was taken ill with tonsillitis and pharyngitis.

Replacement drummer Jimmie Nicol was swiftly brought in for a rehearsal from 3-4pm, ahead of The Beatles’ imminent world tour, and afterwards the group recorded three demos.

At the beginning of a 5.30-9pm session they taped ‘You Know What To Do’, followed by two further demos: ‘It’s For You’, a McCartney composition written for Cilla Black; and ‘No Reply’, which would appear on the Beatles For Sale album.

Although copyrighted the previous day by Jaep Music, a publishing company formed by Brian Epstein and Dick James, ‘You Know What To Do’ remained unissued until 1995 when it was released on Anthology 1. Its existence was unknown until 1991, when evidence of the session came to light, and the misfiled tape was rediscovered in 1993.