Recorded: November 1991 – October 1992
Producers: Paul McCartney, Julian Mendelsohn
Released: 2 February 1993 (UK), 9 February 1993 (US)
Paul McCartney: vocals, guitar, bass guitar, sitar, piano, Wurlitzer electric piano, celeste, Mellotron, ocarina, mouth percussion, drums, congas, percussion, whistling
Linda McCartney: vocals, Moog, autoharp, Moog, celeste, clavinet, harmonium, keyboards, percussion, train whistle
Hamish Stuart: vocals, guitar, bass guitar, percussion
Robbie McIntosh: vocals, guitar, slide guitar, mandolin, percussion
Paul 'Wix' Wickens: vocals, piano, clavinet, Hammond organ, keyboards, synth orchestra, synth bass, drum programming, congas, percussion
Blair Cunningham: vocals, drums, congas, percussion
Dave Pattman, Maurizio Ravalico: percussion
Irvine Arditti, Alan Brind, Belinda Bunt, Roger Chase, Benedict Cruft, Ken Essex, Jonathan Evans-Jones, Miranda Fulleylove, Roger Garland, Roy Gillard, David Juntz, Pauline Lowbury, Rita Manning, Brendan O'Reilly, David Ogden, Andrew Parker, Bernard Partridge, Maciej Rakowski, Jonathan Rees, Michael Rennie, Celia Sheen, Galina Solodchin, Donald Weekes, Barry Wilde, Jeremy Williams, David Woorcock: violin
Robert Bayley, George Robertson, Graeme Scott, John Underwood: viola
Paul Kegg, Ben Kennard, Anthony Pleeth, Roger Smith, Jonathan Williams: cello
Paul Culington: bass
Chris Laurence: double bass
Skaila Kanga: harp
Nicholas Busch, Frank Lloyd: horn
Gordon Hunt, Josephine Lively, Richard Morgan: oboe
Susan Milan, Martin Parry, Jane Pickles: flute
Frank Lloyd: horn
Colin Sheen: trombone
Paul Archibald, Guy Barker, Martin Drover, Richard Martin, Derek Watkins: trumpet
Stephen Wick: tuba
Frank Mead: alto saxophone
Nick Payne: baritone saxophone
Andy Hamilton, Nick Pentelow: tenor saxophone
Terence Emery, Tristan Fry: percussion
Keith Smith, Eddie Klein: spoken word
Off The Ground
Looking For Changes
Hope Of Deliverance
Mistress And Maid
I Owe It All To You
Biker Like An Icon
Peace In The Neighbourhood
Golden Earth Girl
The Lovers That Never Were
Get Out Of My Way
Winedark Open Sea
Cosmically Conscious (unlisted)
Paul McCartney's ninth solo studio album was recorded in the wake of his extensive 1989-1990 world tour, and saw him record with a band for the first time since Wings' 1979 album Back To The Egg.
It was also the studio follow-up to the critically acclaimed Flowers In The Dirt, McCartney's 1989 album which was widely considered to be a return to form. In between the two releases he also issued the live albums Tripping The Live Fantastic and Unplugged: The Official Bootleg, and his first foray into classical music, 1991's Liverpool Oratorio.
Work on Off The Ground began in 1991, when McCartney recorded demos of several unfinished songs on a Sony Walkman. Previously he had made often elaborate recordings for session musicians to learn their parts from, but the 1991 demos were deliberately basic, to allow his band freedom to add their own ideas.
The nice thing about this band is they're all good players, so we can make a good little noise just with the six of us. That was the idea: to do a simple little band album rather than anything very produced or complicated.
In contrast to his open attitude towards the music, McCartney made extra effort with the lyrics, perhaps in response to criticism that his previous solo works tended to lack depth or err towards trite sentiments. To that end he enlisted the help of poet Adrian Mitchell.
When I came to do this album one of the things I thought was that it might be good to be a little less casual and make sure I'd done my homework, make sure I liked all of the words in the songs. So I got a friend of mine, a poet called Adrian Mitchell, to look through the lyrics as if he was an English teacher. I went through it all with him and I can now say that they're poet-proof.
The album also featured two collaborations with Elvis Costello, Mistress And Maid and The Lovers That Never Were; the latter was the first song they wrote together. The pair had previously collaborated on Flowers In The Dirt and Costello's Mighty Like A Rose album, but Off The Ground saw the final fruits of their partnership.
Off The Ground contained some lyrical themes that revealed McCartney's preoccupations at the time. Looking For Changes was an anti-vivisection protest. Animal rights also figured in the lyrics of Long Leather Coat, a b-side on the lead single Hope Of Deliverance.
I thought, I'm coming up to 50, not much point in trying to be cutesy. So what do I really think about, what do I do, what do I spend my time on? Well, Friends Of The Earth, Peta, vegetarianism – how the world would be a much better place and be able to feed itself a lot better if we stopped eating meat.
C'mon People took a stand against the Thatcher-Reagan right-wing politics of the previous decade. That theme was continued on the Hope Of Deliverance b-side Big Boys Bickering, which contained a rare expletive to forcefully get his point across.
Big boys bickering
That's what they're doing everyday
Big boys bickering
Fucking it up for everyone, everyone
Peace In The Neighbourhood and Golden Earth Girl combined his love of family and nature. Winedark Open Sea and the closing hidden track Cosmically Conscious – written in India in 1968 – developed the themes further, delving deep into spirituality, while lead single Hope Of Deliverance spoke of salvation through the power of love.