The Rhythm Beatles - as they were known in Hebrew - were scheduled to perform in Israel in 1965. However, the event was cancelled, for reasons which have been hotly debated in the intervening years.
In 2008 the Israeli government issued an apology for the 1964 decision, attributing the "historical missed opportunity" to a "lack of budget", and the belief by a number of parliamentarians that the performance "might corrupt the minds of the Israeli youth".
However, an alternative version of events suggests that the concert didn't take place due to a dispute between music promoters Giora Godik and Yaakov Uri. In 1962, the mother of Beatles manager Brian Epstein is said to have sent an offer to Godik, promising that the group would come to Israel. Instead, Godik staged a concert by Cliff Richard, who was more famous at the time.
Two years later, Uri bought the rights to hold a Beatles concert in the country. Godik was angered by this, and went to the Israeli Finance Committee in the Knesset, persuading them to bar the promoters from taking out foreign currency. He is said to have cited the hysteria and moral depravity likely to be inspired by the group.
You tell me it's the institution...
At the time, the use of large amounts of foreign currency to pay for The Beatles' performance would have required government approval. However, it has also been claimed that the organisers lacked the required funds to stage the event anyway, forcing its cancellation even if the access to foreign currency had been approved.
The interdepartmental committee for authorising the importation of foreign artists refused The Beatles entry to Israel. The decision was approved in the committee's resolution 691, which reads: "Resolved: Not to allow the request for fear that the performances by the Beatles are liable to have a negative influence on the youth."
There is no musical or artistic experience here, but a sensual display that arouses feelings of aggression replete with sexual stimuli.
Former director general of the Israeli education ministry
The promoters appealed against the decision, so the committee launched a global inquiry into the group and their music. The committee concluded, in resolution 709, that it would refuse entry because "the band has no artistic merit" and its performances "cause hysteria and mass disorder among young people".