Bruno Koschmider terminates The Beatles’ contract

8.00pm, Tuesday 1 November 1960 (53 years ago)

Furious that The Beatles had made a verbal agreement to play at rival Peter Eckhorn’s Top Ten Club, Kaiserkeller owner Bruno Koschmider terminated their contract. Despite this, they continued to perform at the club for another three weeks.

There was an added reason why Koschmider wanted them out: at 17 years of age, George Harrison was too young to be working in the club.

There was a curfew at ten o’clock every night. The German police would come up on stage and announce: ‘It is twenty-two hours and all young people under eighteen years must leave this club. We are making an Ausweiskontrolle.’ Eventually we got so used to it that we started saying it ourselves. We would do joke announcement. I knew a bit of German; George and I had learnt it in school. Everyone else had learnt French, but they taught us German and Spanish. So it was very handy and we could do all the silly stuff. We eventually got a really big steaming club full and they loved us.
Paul McCartney
Anthology

Although The Beatles were aware of the curfew, they managed to avoid the police checks for some time, despite having no work permits.

We used to call them ‘the Gestapo’ – guys in very convincing German uniforms, going around looking at all the kids’ passports. We had never seen the like of it. In Liverpool you could go anywhere as long as you didn’t get caught in a pub, and certainly nobody came round and asked you for your pass. I suppose it was all leftovers from the war.
Paul McCartney
Anthology

Koschmider’s notice to The Beatles, given on this day, stated:

I the undersigned hereby give notice to Mr George Harrison and to Beatles’ Band to leave on November 30th, 1960. The notice is given to the above by order of the Public Authorities who have discovered that Mr George Harrison is only 17 (seventeen) years of age.

Harrison was finally deported on 21 November 1960, although The Beatles continued to perform at the Kaiserkeller for a few more nights without him.

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